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Contest Winner and the Last Deglaciation

May 11, 2012 by Tony Noerpel filed under Columns, Sustainable Planet 2 Comments
contest

I hope this isn’t too confusing and I don’t want to repeat all the details here as you can read the articles and comments yourselves and ask questions on the comments section. In the comments section to my last article on April 25 [1], “Klem” commented: “there is NO WAY to conclude from the BEST study that it is caused, or isn’t caused, by human emissions.” And a few lines later he or she wrote this; “Good question, perhaps 800 years I would guess. Since that is roughly how long it takes for CO2 to respond to earlier temperature changes.” There is an embedded (and amusing) contradiction between these two statements. If you reread the entire exchange from my April 17th article [2] and my April 25th article plus the comments it should be easy to spot. In my reply, I offered a growler of Loudoun County’s own Corcoran Beer to the first person to discover Klem’s self-contradiction. I hasten to add that I am not trying to embarrass Klem, whom I really don’t know and who’s comments I enjoy receiving. But I thought this would be an excellent learning tool to get people to think critically and skeptically about our climate or indeed about anything. Skeptical thinking is in short supply in America, sadly and I was kind of hoping Klem would see his/her error and go for the win him/herself. In retrospect announcing the contest in the comments section was probably not a good idea.

In summary, The BEST study was conducted by a group of deniers out to prove climate science wrong. Instead they proved science has been right all along and that the deniers had been wrong. No surprise there. The deniers confirmed that the current rate of increase of global land temperature is 2.76 degrees Celsius (5 degrees Fahrenheit) per century. This rate far exceeds any rate from natural causes outside of a collision with a giant meteorite and therefore also proves indirectly that the cause is human emissions of greenhouse gases. Atmospheric levels of these gases are increasing at a rate two orders of magnitude faster than the rate of increase during the recovery from the last ice age. This is Klem’s second point that it took nature 800 years to do what we are doing in less than 8 years.

Clearly Klem’s first statement is wrong but the second is a marvel of cognitive dissonance. He is right that the increase in Antarctic temperature began about 800 years +/-600 years before the rise in atmospheric CO2 as shown in Figure 3 below. The termination of the ice age was extremely fast and violent in geological time scale but slow compared to what humans have been doing. So his second statement contradicts the first. The rate of increase reported by the BEST group confirms a human cause which is why the deniers have been denying the BEST results as best they can. The second statement as used by deniers to aver that CO2 is not a greenhouse gas is also wrong. Global warming deniers are living a great lie and the more they argue with reality the more they contradict themselves. They are digging a deeper hole of deceit. It is inevitable.

As to the contest, we have a winner. Several people emailed me their explanations but Candice Guillaudeu emailed this: “Is it that the graph line for CO2 is rising very fast over a very short period of time, way less than the 800 years as Klem writes?” And I think this is good enough to win the growler since I was looking for somebody to recognize the importance of the rate of change. It is all about the first derivative.

I have been planning to write about the denier canard that “the atmospheric CO2 level follows the global temperature rise by 800 years and therefore was an effect not a cause of global warming” as some new results have been published in Nature, Science, Climate Dynamics and PNAS describing the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to Holocene transition and I had been putting it off. Klem pushed me to tackle this. So let’s take a look.

Background

The ice ages were discovered by Louis Agassiz in 1837 [3]. This discovery was at first not very well received and he had many detractors until other naturalists, notably Charles Darwin, began to point out the evidence of extensive glaciation such as terminal moraines and gouged valleys all over Europe and subsequently North America. This is a fascinating story and one well documented by Doug Macdougall in his recommended book Frozen Earth [4].

Discovering the causes of the ice ages became a focus of many scientists. Two lines of argument emerged. Joseph Adhemar pioneered the idea that Earth’s orbital variations drove the climate changes and suggested a role for Earth’s precession in 1842 [5] and Svante Arrhenius implicated changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide in 1896 [6] building on the experimental verification of carbon dioxide as a green house gas by John Tyndall in 1861 [7]. Tyndall also identified methane, water vapor, ozone and nitrous oxide as greenhouse gases. Carbon dioxide is the principle green house gas [8] both because of the larger quantity than methane, ozone or nitrous oxide and because it obeys different physical laws than water vapor. Carbon Dioxide is the Earth’s thermostat. Briefly, at earth surface temperatures, carbon dioxide wants to be a gas and water wants to be a liquid. Water vapor within the range of Earth surface temperatures can only ever be a feedback and cannot be a forcing function. It has a residency of about 8 days in the atmosphere. This is why nobody worries about cars running on hydrogen exhausting water vapor and causing global warming.

In both arguments, changing albedo plays a critical amplifying role. Albedo is the reflectivity of the Earth surface. Ice and snow being white have high albedo as they reflect most of the incoming solar radiation. If it gets reflected rather than absorbed then it cannot warm the planet. The water, soil and vegetation exposed when the ice and snow melt are darker and absorb most of the incoming solar radiation.

Earth’s orbit varies in three ways which I’ve described previously: obliquity, precession and eccentricity. James Croll, 1875 [9] and Milutin Milankovitch, between 1920 and 1941 [10] amended Adhemar’s analysis to include obliquity and eccentricity. Every day the Earth spins on an axis which is currently pointing towards the North Star, Polaris. This axis is not perpendicular to the orbital plane about the sun but is tilted at an angle of 23.5 degrees. This angle called obliquity varies between 22.5 degrees and 24.5 degrees. When the obliquity is 24.5 degrees, the earth at 65 degrees north latitude (Alaska, Northern Canada, Greenland, Scandinavia, Siberia…) receives an increase of about 30 Watts/meter squared of incoming solar radiation. The change in total received radiation from the sun integrated over a year doesn’t change much at all. Lorius et al report that this averaged value hasn’t changed over the last 160,000 years by more than 0.7 W/m2. The received solar energy is simply moved around in time and space over the Earth’s surface. In addition to obliquity changes, the Earth’s spin wobbles or precesses (It is not always pointed towards Polaris) and the eccentricity of the Earth’s orbit around the sun gradually changes from a circular orbit to a slightly elliptical one. These variations and their implications for Earth climate are described by John Imbrie and Katherine Palmer Imbrie in their 1979 book Ice Ages [11]. Precession causes opposite insolation changes between the northern and southern hemispheres, while obliquity causes synchronous insolation changes in the two hemispheres.

Another important consideration is the circulation of water in the oceans. See my article from September 16, 2012 [12]. The ocean currents, of which the Gulf Stream is a part, form the Great Ocean Conveyor discovered by Wally Broecker and shown in Figure 1 [13]. Observe the blue current flowing south in the deep Atlantic. This is called the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) and it can slow down as we will discuss.

This background information will be used to help us understand what happened during the transition from the LGM to the Holocene. Study of palaeoclimate and earth systems science has led to understanding of how the Earth operates as a system.

Figure 1. “Schematic of the ocean circulation (from Kuhlbrodt et al. [14]) associated with the global Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC), with special focus on the Atlantic section of the flow (AMOC). The red curves in the Atlantic indicate the northward flow of water in the upper layers. The filled orange circles in the Nordic and Labrador Seas indicate regions where near-surface water cools and becomes denser, causing the water to sink to deeper layers of the Atlantic. This process is referred to as “water mass transformation,” or “deep water formation.” In this process heat is released to the atmosphere. The light blue curve denotes the southward flow of cold water at depth. At the southern end of the Atlantic, the AMOC connects with the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC). Deep water formation sites in the high latitudes of the Southern Ocean are also indicated with filled orange circles. These contribute to the production of Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW), which flows northward near the bottom of the Atlantic (indicated by dark blue lines in the Atlantic). The circles with interior dots indicate regions where water upwells from deeper layers to the upper ocean.” (text from [15])

The birth of a denier myth

Figure 2 shows data from the Vostok ice core from Antarctica. This figure shows the remarkable correlation between high atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature. This figure was shown by Al Gore in his movie An Inconvenient Truth with dramatic effect in 2006. Five years earlier in 2001, Eric Monnin [16] showed that during the transition from the LGM the temperature in Antarctica preceded the rise in carbon dioxide by about 800 +/- 600 years. Monnin wrote that “The estimated time lag is small in comparison with the 6000-year duration of the closely tied temperature and CO2 concentration increases and does not cast doubt on the importance of CO2 as an amplifying factor of the temperature increase.”

The temperature captured by the ice core which Monnin studied was in fact the temperature in Antarctica and not the global temperature something scientists knew as did Gore and the reality-based community. In fact that CO2 lags and amplifies Antarctic temperature was predicted by Lorius et al in 1990 [17]. “Changes in the CO2 and CH4 content have played a significant part in the glacial-interglacial climate changes by amplifying, together with the growth and decay of the Northern Hemisphere ice sheets, the relatively weak orbital forcing.”

Figure 2: Vostok ice core records for carbon dioxide concentration and temperature change. [18]

By conveniently ignoring Monnin’s own conclusion and the fact that the core represented only Antarctic temperature, deniers made up the myth that global temperature preceded carbon dioxide by 800 years. There are several striking differences between deniers and the rest of us. Skeptical scientists ask questions. Several come to mind. What was the temperature of the rest of the world and how quickly did that rise? Where did the carbon dioxide and methane come from? Deniers, not being skeptical, do not ask questions and ignore relevant information. Congressman Joe “We are soooo sorry BP” Barton (R-OIL) said what he was paid to say at the time, “An article in Science magazine illustrated that a rise in carbon dioxide did not precede a rise in temperatures, but actually lagged behind temperature rises by 200 to 1000 years. A rise in carbon dioxide levels could not have caused a rise in temperature if it followed the temperature.” You can bet that Barton had never read a Science article in his life. And this is where Klem gets the 800 year number not from the actual science but from some denier blog. In reality, nature increases atmospheric carbon dioxide by volcanism, melting permafrost, defrosting methane clathrate, and carbon cycle feedbacks [20] all of which pale in comparison to the rate of human emissions.

So what really did happen between 20,000 years ago at the peak of the glacial extent and 10,000 years ago at the start of the Holocene and the beginning of human civilization, the discovery of agriculture and the creation of cities? My next article will address all of the fascinating science which has recently been published. This is a great story. Stay tuned.


Figure 3: The global proxy temperature stack (blue) as deviations from the early Holocene (11.5–6.5 kyr ago) mean, an Antarctic ice-core composite temperature record (red), and atmospheric CO2 concentration (yellow dots). The Holocene, Younger Dryas (YD), Bølling–Allerød (B–A), Oldest Dryas (OD) and Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) intervals are indicated. Error bars, 1-sigma; p.p.m.v. = parts per million by volume. From Shakun et al. Figure 2a [19].

[1] Tony Noerpel, http://brleader.com/?p=8136

[2] Tony Noerpel, http://brleader.com/?p=8276

[3] Louis Agassiz, Etudes sur les glaciers, privately published, Neuchatel, 1840; described in [2] and [9].

[4] Doug Macdougall, Frozen Earth, University of California Press, 2006.

[5] Joseph Adhemar, Revolutions de la mer, privately published, Paris, 1842. Described in [2] and [9].

[6] Svante Arrhenius, “On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Ground”, Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, Series 5, Volume 41, April 1896, pages 237-276. http://www.rsc.org/images/Arrhenius1896_tcm18-173546.pdf

[7] John Tyndall, On the Absorption and Radiation of Heat by Gases and Vapour, and on the Physical Connexion of Radiation, Absorption an Conduction, Philosophical Magazine Series 4, vol. 22: 169-94, 273-85, 1861. Available in Archer and Pierrehumbert, The Warming Papers, Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.

[8] Robert Berner, The Phanerozic Carbon Cycle, 2004.

[9] James Croll, Climate and time, Appleton & Co., 1875. Described in [2] and [9].

[10] Milutin Milankovich, several papers discussed in [2] and [9].

[11] John Imbrie and Katherine Palmer Imbrie, Ice Ages, Harvard, 1979.

[12] Tony Noerpel http://brleader.com/?p=2103

[13] Wally Broecker, The Great Ocean Converor, Princeton, 2010.

[14] Kuhlbrodt, T., A. Griesel, M. Montoya, A. Levermann, M. Hofmann, and S. Rahmstorf, 2007: On the driving processes of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Rev. Geophys., 45, RG2001, doi:10.1029/2004RG000166.

[15] http://www.eoearth.org/article/Atlantic_meridional_overturning_circulation

[16] Eric Monnin et al., Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations over the Last Glacial Termination, Science 291, 112 (2001); DOI: 10.1126/science.291.5501.112.

[17] Lorius, C. Et al., The ice-core record: climate sensitivity and future greenhouse warming,” Nature, Vol. 347, 13 September, 1990.

[18] http://www.skepticalscience.com/co2-lags-temperature.htm

[19] J.D. Shakun, P.U. Clark, F. He, S.A. Marcott, A.C. Mix, Z. Liu, B. Otto-Bliesner, A. Schmittner, and E. Bard, “Global warming preceded by increasing carbon dioxide concentrations during the last deglaciation”, Nature, vol. 484, 2012, pp. 49-54. DOI.

[20] Tony Noerpel, http://brleader.com/?p=1414

2 comments

  1. klem says:

    “deniers made up the myth that global temperature preceded carbon dioxide by 800 years.’

    Ok so the 800 year lag is a myth, am I correct?

    But you’re saying that it’s not the 800 year lag that is the myth, the 800 year lag is true. What makes it a myth is that it applies to Antarctica only, it cannot be extrapolated globally and that’s what the deniers do. Deniers mistakenly try to say the 800 year lag is global when it is not, the 800 year lag applies to Antarctica only. Ok, I get it.

    So now the alarmists are saying ice core paleo-climate data cannot be applied globally, it only applies to the specific location where the core is derived. I have to assume that if the 800 year lag applies to Antarctica only, so does everything else. I stand corrected, ice core data suggests nothing regarding the global paleo-climate. Thanks for clearing that up for me.

    I think you might want to mention this minor detail to your climate alarmist comrades, particularly those at the IPCC. I’m sure they’ll want to make those revisions for the AR5.

    Cheers

    • Tony Noerpel says:

      Klem

      I think I understand your confusion and will be addressing that in my next post. In the mean time, here are some exercises you might try.

      First, examine figure 3 above and see if you cannot work out what happened.
      Second, revisit your self-contradiction in your last comment and see if you don’t now understand what you got wrong.
      Third, tell us who your sources are. Science is an evidence-based process. Evidence accumulates in the scientific literature. If you don’t have references then it is fair to conclude that you are making stuff up.
      Fourth, I can recommend a great book, easy to read, fascinating and one which describes how science works: Robert Hazen’s The Story of Earth, Viking, 2012.

      Best of luck

      Tony

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Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

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Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

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Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 3, 2015

Beadazzled
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Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

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Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

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Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 7, 2015

Beadazzled
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703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

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Notaviva Vineyards - Bluegrass Jam - FREE event

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Notaviva Vineyards presents their monthly Bluegrass Jam a FREE event held the first Saturday of every month!

An event for all ages featuring Ashby Run. Open to players of every skill level

3pm-6pm Saturday 7/5

Wine available by the glass and by the bottle, lite snacks available. Must be 21 to drink alcohol.

8

Be Mine, HeARTS & Wine Painting!

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February 8, 2015

North Gate Vineyard
16031 Hillsboro Road
Purcellville, 20132
540-668-6248

Join local artist, actress and sculptor, Penny Hauffe as we paint an original Valentine's themed work of art!  No experience necessary, as you will be given personal step by step instructions.

Bring a friend and you will have a wonderful Sunday afternoon filled with fun! All supplies as well as one glass of wine and a selection of cheeses are included in the ticket price. See you on Sunday, February 8 at Noon.

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Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 9, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

10 11

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 11, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

12

Start Your Business (Loudoun)

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February 12, 2015

Is owning a small business a good fit for me? What are the steps for starting a business? Will I need funding? What are potential sources of funding? Robin Suomi, Executive Director of the Loudoun SBDC, and Arthur Thompson, a Principal of Keyser Thompson Insurance Agency, will answer these and other questions essential for successfully starting a small business. Highlights will include:

•    Entrepreneurial traits
•    Taxes and licensing
•    Business plan development
•    Sources of financing
•    Marketing
•    Insurance

REGISTER at LoudounSBDC.eventbrite.com.

Fee:  $10 online registration; $15 at the door
Those paying at the door are not guaranteed seating.

13

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 13, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

Notaviva Vineyards presents 4th Annual My Funny Valentine Comedy night

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February 13, 2015

Notaviva Vineyards
13274 Sagle Road
Purcellville
Virginia, 20132
United States

4th Annual My Funny Valentine at Notaviva Vineyards With NBC Series Last Comic Standing semi-finalist Jason Weems!

Friday 2/13/15
Host: Stavros Halkias
Feature: Adrian Rodney
Headliner: Jason Weems

Saturday 2/14/15
Host: Josh Kuderna
Feature: Stavros Halkias
Headliner: Jason Weems

Doors Open: 7:00p
Comedy Show: 8:00 - 10:00p

$37.00 per person

Light fare will be available for purchase during the show.

** Wine available for purchase by the glass or bottle. 21+ to consume alcohol. 

 

14

Notaviva Vineyards presents 4th Annual My Funny Valentine Comedy night

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February 14, 2015

Notaviva Vineyards
13274 Sagle Road
Purcellville
Virginia, 20132
United States

4th Annual My Funny Valentine at Notaviva Vineyards With NBC Series Last Comic Standing semi-finalist Jason Weems!

Friday 2/13/15
Host: Stavros Halkias
Feature: Adrian Rodney
Headliner: Jason Weems

Saturday 2/14/15
Host: Josh Kuderna
Feature: Stavros Halkias
Headliner: Jason Weems

Doors Open: 7:00p
Comedy Show: 8:00 - 10:00p

$37.00 per person

Light fare will be available for purchase during the show.

** Wine available for purchase by the glass or bottle. 21+ to consume alcohol. 

 

Lobster & Jazz on Valentine's Day!

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February 14, 2015

North Gate Vineyard
16031 Hillsboro Road
Purcellville, 20132
USA
540-668-6248
Lobster Maine-ia returns to North Gate on Saturday February 14th, bringing the area's freshest source of Maine Lobster this side of the Potomac! They will be set up outside, serving the freshest lobster dishes just for you from noon until 5:30pm, including lobster bisque in the tradition of our Soup Saturdays!
Musician Quentin Walston also returns by popular demand, performing his style of jazz piano, creating the perfect atmosphere for a Valentine's Day afternoon.  Special heart shaped truffles by The Perfect Truffle complete the day!

15

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 15, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

16 17

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 17, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

18 19

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 19, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

Small Business Taxes, including Tax Law Updates

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February 19, 2015

If you are confused and stressed about small business taxes, you’re not alone. But help is at hand.
Thomas Butler, EA and Co-founder of Acumen Accounting, Inc., in cooperation with the IRS, brings you publications, tax calendars, and GUIDANCE on:

•    Tax law updates
•    The Affordable Health Care Act
•    Records to keep for sole proprietorships, partnerships, corporations and LLCs
•    Worker classification: employee vs. independent contractor

REGISTER at LoudounSBDC.eventbrite.com.

Fee:  $25 if register online; $30 at the door
Those who pay at the door are not guaranteed seating or handouts.

20 21

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 21, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

22
23

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

February 23, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

24 25

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

February 25, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

26 27

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

February 27, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

28

Chinese New Year Celebration

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February 28, 2015

Franklin Park
17501 Franklin Park Drive
Purcellville, VA 20132
USA

Wear red, the lucky color, and celebrate the beginning of the Year of the Sheep. Traditional crafts and refreshments.

Admission: $8/person Register in Webtrac using activity #263714-01 or call 540-338-7973 for more information

1

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 1, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

Recent Comments

View From the Ridge

Correct Course and Review the Comprehensive Plan

6 Jan 2015

blueridge2

Like a ship lost at sea, many residents of Purcellville see the development patterns in and around town as having drifted dangerously off course. The Autumn Hill/Mayfair development – which resulted in the annexation of previously open land, is one example of this drift. The Vineyard Square development project, which, …

(1 comment)

Editorial

Liberty in the 21st Century

6 Jan 2015

malcolm_baldwin

By Malcolm F. Baldwin Our elected leaders frequently express thanks for the “blessings of liberty,” reminding us of the importance of adhering to our founding fathers’ “original intent” as expressed in the Constitution. But what, exactly, is “liberty,” and what guidance would the founders offer us in facing today’s complex issues? Within only a few years of independence from Britain …

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December Cartoon

10 Dec 2014

Blog this! Bookmark on Delicious Digg this post Recommend on Facebook Share on Linkedin Share with Stumblers Tweet about it Subscribe to the comments on this post Print for later Bookmark in Browser Tell a friend

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Lifestyle

Commissioner of the Revenue to Hold Real Estate Tax Relief Seminars in March

24 Feb 2015

money

Loudoun’s Commissioner of the Revenue, Robert S. Wertz Jr, has scheduled free information sessions during March to familiarize residents with the eligibility criteria for the county’s generous real estate tax relief program. Loudoun County homeowners age 65 or older or with disabilities that are below established income and wealth limits may benefit from a reduction in the amount of property …

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The Kennedys Back on Stage at the Old Stone School

20 Feb 2015

The Kennedys at the Old Stone School

On Friday, March 6, The Kennedys will perform on stage at the Old Stone School in the historic Town of Hillsboro, Virginia. Doors open at 7:00 p.m. for dinner and drinks, and their concert will start at 8:00 p.m. Tickets for the concert are $25 (dinner and drinks sold separately). This will be the second time they’ve performed at the …

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Loudoun County Celebrates Black History Month; Clerk of the Circuit Court, Libraries Host Special Programs

20 Feb 2015

blueridge2

Loudoun County is celebrating Black History Month with an official resolution proclaiming February as Black History Month adopted by the Board of Supervisors and special programs hosted by the Clerk of the Circuit Court and the Loudoun County Public Library. The events include: Saturday February 21, 2015, 2:00 p.m. – Historic Court Records and African American Research: This will be …

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Wild Loudoun

Northern Cardinal – Celebrating the Language of Love

3 Feb 2015

cardinal

Most wildlife biologists classify the northern cardinal as a bird that mates for life. And, why wouldn’t they? The unmistakably brilliant lipstick red of the male cardinal cannot be described as anything other than inspiring the language of love. Catching that bolt of red as it streaks across a field of freshly fallen snow is like watching a modern oil …

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Around Virginia

NAACP Endorses Legislation Enabling Education Savings Accounts for Special Needs Students in Virginia

Dave_larock

Rodney Thomas, legislative representative of the NAACP Virginia State Conference announced support for House Bill 2238, a bill to make Parental Choice Education Savings Accounts available for special needs children in Virginia. In the organization’s official statement, Thomas applauded the bill’s capacity to help meet the educational needs of at-risk …

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VDOE Announces 21st Century Community Learning Center Grant Competition

blueridge2

The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) is seeking school divisions, nonprofits, local government agencies, faith-based organizations, colleges, universities and for-profit corporations to apply for 21st Century Community Learning Center grants. The competitive grant program, authorized by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, supports community-based programs that provide tutoring, …

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Reporting from Richmond

Dave_larock

By Delegate Dave LaRock Mark Twain once said that “No man’s life, liberty or property are safe while the Legislature is in session.” Folks, the legislature is in session. I’m doing my best to keep you updated as important issues develop that will impact the future of our Commonwealth, and …

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Sports

Little League Season Update

8 Aug 2014

ulll

By Carri Michon This spring 2014 Upper Loudoun Little League season found drenching rains making fields unplayable on a regular basis. Over 100 games were rescheduled due to wet, soggy fields, said league president, Norris Beavers. “The most I have ever remembered in my 28 years of volunteering with Upper …

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Ida Lee NFL Flag Football League Registration Ends July 28

20 Jul 2014

NFL_Flag_Football_at_IdaLee

Registration for the Fall 2014 NFL Flag Football league is currently ongoing for boys and girls, ages six to 14, and spots are filling fast. To secure a spot in the league, participants must register by Monday, July 28, 2014. The Ida Lee NFL Flag Football League is the premier …

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Letters

A Loudoun Civics Lesson: It Pays To Have Money

6 Jan 2015

blueridge2

Having spent an evening at the Loudoun Planning Commission monthly meeting December 16 to listen and participate in the exception application for the helipad on …

(10 comments)

Zoning War Confusion

6 Jan 2015

BenPackard

It is often amazing to read articles covering meetings that seem far different than those I attend. A good example was your recent article “Zoning …

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Advice To Developers

6 Jan 2015

blueridge2

We know you want to make money and lots of it. But across America citizens are fighting back. Please don’t destroy our quaint little town. …

(1 comment)

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