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A Page from the Story of Earth

May 22, 2012 by Tony Noerpel filed under Columns, Sustainable Planet No Comments
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“The rates of such changes, not the changes themselves, should be our biggest concern. For climate, sea level, and ecosystems can reach tipping points. Pushed too far, positive feedback loops can kick in. What normally takes a thousand years could transpire in a decade or two.” Robert Hazen [1]

In my recent articles, I have been discussing the ongoing rate of the anthropogenic or human-caused changes in Earth’s climate. We are warming the planet at a rate of 2.76 degrees Celsius per century (NASA GISS and NOAA results but also confirmed by the denier study BEST [2]) which is unprecedented in the last 300 million years of Earth history. The only plausible explanation is the greenhouse gases we are emitting into the atmosphere also at a rate unrivaled in the last 300 million years. In fact scientists once believed that the extinction event 55 million years ago called the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) would be a good analogue for what we are doing today as it was believed to be the most rapid climate disruption in Earth’s history [3]. In a paper published in 2011, however, a team of geologists from Penn State led by Lee Kump and his graduate student and lead author Ying Cui discovered that even this devastating event was triggered by greenhouse gas emissions less than a tenth the rate of what is happening today [4]. Their paper compares model results with actual measurements for two possible causes for the sudden increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide. Their results indicate that the peak rate of carbon addition to the atmosphere during the onset period of PETM was between 0.3 Pg C/yr and 1.7 Pg C/yr. By comparison the current rate of human emissions is 10 Pg C/yr [5]. The changes that took more than a thousand years to occur during the PETM have occurred within the last century. The PETM cannot therefore help us make predictions about the future other than that what we are doing may be ten times worse.

As we’ve seen in the last couple of articles, the natural change in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere during the Earth’s recovery from the last glacial maximum was never faster than about 0.023 ppmV/year while the current annual change due to humans is about 2.4 ppmV/year or hundred times faster [6]. There is nothing going on in nature today that can account for the rapid accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere or the rapid increase in global temperature other than human emissions. But more significantly, scientists have discovered that no natural mechanism has ever progressed that quickly, other than perhaps a 6 mile in diameter meteorite striking Chicxulub at about 22,000 miles per hour 65 million years ago terminating the Reign of T Rex.

Before we revisit the transition between the LGM and the Holocene as I was describing in my last article we should review one other bit of earth science. I should have introduced Figure 1 when discussing the polar amplification [7] as I did use it in a talk I gave a few weeks later. It shows that the spot in the Arctic above Alaska has already warmed about 6 degrees Celsius whereas the rest of the Earth has only warmed a degree or so and in fact some areas of the Earth’s surface haven’t warmed at all. Global temperature is of course the temperature integrated and averaged over the entire globe including both the cool parts and the warm parts. If we only had one thermometer and we placed it in the Arctic we would think the entire earth warmed by 6 degrees Celsius already which it hasn’t done of course.

Figure 1 Composite temperature anomaly from NCEP/NCAR

Carbon dioxide is a well-mixed gas in the earth’s atmosphere. The ratio of carbon dioxide to nitrogen and oxygen is the same at the poles and at the equator and on the surface and at very high altitudes. It is currently 394 parts per million by volume. If you measure it in one place, then you know the concentration everyplace else. This is not true for water vapor, by the way, as there is very little water vapor in the atmosphere over deserts which are too dry and over the poles which are too cold but lots of water vapor over tropical rain forests. Also as water vapor rises in the atmosphere, which it does at the equator, it condenses out in the cold upper troposphere forming clouds, subsequently precipitating out as rain. Water vapor is not a well mixed gas. It depends intimately on the local temperature whereas carbon dioxide does not. This is why carbon dioxide is the principle greenhouse gas or the Earth’s thermostat [8] while water vapor is simply an amplifying feedback.

What this means is that the ice core temperature data from Antarctica can only reflect the temperature at Antarctica at any specific time. But the carbon dioxide concentration measured in the ice cores can be used to reliably reflect the global concentration at that same time. Does this mean that the temperature measured by appropriate proxies in the ice core does not tell us anything about the global temperature? No not at all. When the global temperature rises, it rises nearly everywhere but just not at the same rate or by the same amount sometimes lagging by many centuries.

Returning to where we left off in my last article, what happened to cause the Earth to progress from a glacial maximum 18,000 years ago to the interglacial climate we enjoy today, by about 10,000 years ago? As I mentioned several recent papers published this year shed light. Figure 2 is from a paper written by a team of climatologists led by Jeremy Shakun of Harvard University published in the journal Nature [9]. The red curve is Antarctic proxy temperature from the core at Dome C. The yellow dots are the rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide. The blue curve is a composite estimate of the global temperature rise from 80 ocean sediment cores taken from various parts of the globe. As expected the Antarctic warmed first as a result of earth’s orbital obliquity. Sea ice around Antarctica melted releasing a stored charge of carbon dioxide from decaying biotic matter stored up over tens of millennia which could not escape the ocean into the atmosphere because of the sea ice that had persisted up to and during the LGM [10]. Andrea Burke of MIT and Laura Robinson of University of Bristol have recently shown that when this sea ice melted back, the stored carbon dioxide was gradually released into the atmosphere. This pulse of carbon rapidly spread over the earth and contributed to warming the rest of the planet. Atmospheric carbon levels followed the Antarctic temperature increase but led the global temperature increase.

Note that the Earth warmed an estimated 3.5 degrees Celsius over about 8000 years. By comparison we are causing the Earth to warm at a rate of 2.76 degrees per century but that rate is expected to increase as we continue to emit carbon dioxide and other green house gases into the atmosphere. While the magnitude of the anthropogenic warming this coming century will be dramatic enough the rate will be something never before experienced on Earth within the last few hundred million years, 100 times more than the recovery from the last ice age and 10 times more than the PETM. When a global warming denier tells us not to worry it will be good for us, would be a good time to apply some skepticism and ask “you know this how?”

How fast can sea level rise? Pierre Deschamps from Marseille University, France and colleagues have determined that during what is called the “melt water pulse 1A” between 14,650 and 14,310 years ago, at the boundary between the Oldest Dryas and the Bølling–Allerød periods shown in Figure 2, sea levels rose greater than 4 meters per century with a peak rate that may have been as much as 10 meters per century [11]. Current estimates call for just 2 meters this century so it is not out of the question that we may be in for a rude surprise.

Figure 1: The global proxy temperature stack (blue) as deviations from the early Holocene (11.5–6.5 kyr ago) mean, an Antarctic ice-core composite temperature record (red), and atmospheric CO2 concentration (yellow dots). The Holocene, Younger Dryas (YD), Bølling–Allerød (B–A), Oldest Dryas (OD) and Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) intervals are indicated. Error bars, 1-sigma; p.p.m.v. = parts per million by volume. Shakun et al. Figure 2a. [9]

References

[1] Robert Hazen, The Story of Earth, Viking, 2012.

[2] Tony Noerpel, Blue Ridge Leader, http://brleader.com/?p=8276

[3] Lee Kump, The Last Great Global Warming, Scientific American, July 2011.

[4] Ying Cui, Lee R. Kump, Andy J. Ridgwell, Adam J. Charles, Christopher K. Junium, Aaron F. Diefendorf, Katherine H. Freeman, Nathan M. Urban and Ian C. Harding, Slow release of fossil carbon during the Palaeocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, Nature Geoscience, 5 June 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1179. See also, Panchuk, K., Ridgwell, A. & Kump, L. R. Sedimentary response to PaleoceneEocene Thermal Maximum carbon release: A model-data comparison. Geology 36, 315318 (2008).

[5] PgC/year means Petagram of Carbon per year. 1000 grams = 1 kilogram, 1000 kilograms = 1 metric ton so a Petagram is a billion metric tons or a Gigaton. Also this is a measure of the carbon content of the carbon dioxide molecule which contains two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom.

[6] Tony Noerpel, The Last Deglacial Transition, Blue Ridge Leader, See also Michael Kaplan, et al., Glacier retreat in New Zealand during the Younger Dryas stadial, Vol 467| 9 September 2010| doi:10.1038/nature09313. ppmV is parts per million by Volume.

[7] Tony Noerpel, Arctic Amplification, http://brleader.com/?p=8136

[8] Robert Berner, The Phanerozoic Carbon Cycle, 2004.

[9] J.D. Shakun, P.U. Clark, F. He, S.A. Marcott, A.C. Mix, Z. Liu, B. Otto-Bliesner, A. Schmittner, and E. Bard, “Global warming preceded by increasing carbon dioxide concentrations during the last deglaciation”, Nature, vol. 484, 2012, pp. 49-54. DOI.

[10] Andrea Burke and Laura Robinson, The Southern Ocean’s Role in Carbon Exchange During the Last Deglaciation, Science, vol 335, 3 February 2012.

[11] Deschamps, P. et al., Ice-sheet collapse and sea-level rise at the Bølling warming 14,600 years ago Nature 483, 559–564 (2012).

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Events

March 2015
M T W T F S S
23

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 23, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

24 25

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 25, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

26 27

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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February 27, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

28

Chinese New Year Celebration

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February 28, 2015

Franklin Park
17501 Franklin Park Drive
Purcellville, VA 20132
USA

Wear red, the lucky color, and celebrate the beginning of the Year of the Sheep. Traditional crafts and refreshments.

Admission: $8/person Register in Webtrac using activity #263714-01 or call 540-338-7973 for more information

1

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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March 1, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

2 3

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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March 3, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

4 5

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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March 5, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

6

Around the World in 80 Days

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March 6, 2015

Franklin Park Arts Center
36441 Blueridge View Lane
Purcellville, VA 20132

Very Special Arts Presents: Around the World in 80 Days
VSA of Loudoun presents another sensational musical with an inclusive cast of all ages and abilities. Travel around the world with Phileas Fogg as he visits India, England, “The Wild West” and various other countries in this retelling of the classic novel.
Purchase tickets online at www.vsaloudoun.org

7

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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March 7, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

Notaviva Vineyards - Bluegrass Jam - FREE event

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March 7, 2015

Notaviva Vineyards
13274 Sagle Rd
Purcellville, 20132
540-668-6756

Notaviva Vineyards presents their monthly Bluegrass Jam a FREE event held the first Saturday of every month!

An event for all ages featuring Ashby Run. Open to players of every skill level

3pm-6pm Saturday 7/5

Wine available by the glass and by the bottle, lite snacks available. Must be 21 to drink alcohol.

Around the World in 80 Days

Close

March 7, 2015

Franklin Park Arts Center
36441 Blueridge View Lane
Purcellville, VA 20132

Very Special Arts Presents: Around the World in 80 Days
VSA of Loudoun presents another sensational musical with an inclusive cast of all ages and abilities. Travel around the world with Phileas Fogg as he visits India, England, “The Wild West” and various other countries in this retelling of the classic novel.
Purchase tickets online at www.vsaloudoun.org

8

Around the World in 80 Days

Close

March 8, 2015

Franklin Park Arts Center
36441 Blueridge View Lane
Purcellville, VA 20132

Very Special Arts Presents: Around the World in 80 Days
VSA of Loudoun presents another sensational musical with an inclusive cast of all ages and abilities. Travel around the world with Phileas Fogg as he visits India, England, “The Wild West” and various other countries in this retelling of the classic novel.
Purchase tickets online at www.vsaloudoun.org

9

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 9, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

10 11

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 11, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

12 13

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 13, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

Around the World in 80 Days

Close

March 13, 2015

Franklin Park Arts Center
36441 Blueridge View Lane
Purcellville, VA 20132

Very Special Arts Presents: Around the World in 80 Days
VSA of Loudoun presents another sensational musical with an inclusive cast of all ages and abilities. Travel around the world with Phileas Fogg as he visits India, England, “The Wild West” and various other countries in this retelling of the classic novel.
Purchase tickets online at www.vsaloudoun.org

14

Around the World in 80 Days

Close

March 14, 2015

Franklin Park Arts Center
36441 Blueridge View Lane
Purcellville, VA 20132

Very Special Arts Presents: Around the World in 80 Days
VSA of Loudoun presents another sensational musical with an inclusive cast of all ages and abilities. Travel around the world with Phileas Fogg as he visits India, England, “The Wild West” and various other countries in this retelling of the classic novel.
Purchase tickets online at www.vsaloudoun.org

15

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 15, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

16 17

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 17, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

Celebrate St. Patrick's Day at Franklin Park Arts Center with Lunasa

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March 17, 2015

Franklin Park Arts Center
36441 Blueridge View Lane
Purcellville, VA 20132

Lunasa is a traditional Irish instrumental band on tour in America. Lunasa's innovative arrangements, virtuosity and passion have brought them to the forefront of Celtic Music. Tickets are $55. Purchase online at www.franklinparkartscenter.org or call 540-338-7973

18 19

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

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March 19, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

20 21

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 21, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

22
23

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 23, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

24 25

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 25, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

26 27

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 27, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

28 29

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 29, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

30 31

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

March 31, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

1 2

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

April 2, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

3 4

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Close

April 4, 2015

Beadazzled
444 West Broad St
Falls Church, 22046
703-848-2323

Join Beadazzled for an amazing three-day trunk show of treasures from Afghanistan.

Our collection will include a dazzling array of gemstones in different shapes, sizes, and finishes in lapis, turquoise, and old carnelians along with unusual iridescent heat-treated copper findings and beads-- and so much more.

Antique jewelry and beautiful hand-made rugs and other textiles will also be for sale. These hand-crafted products come from cottage industries, and we are proud to help preserve South Central Asian cultural heritage by marketing this unique Afghan work.

Help us support these skilled artisans by visiting our Trunk Show anytime during store hours from the 24th to the 26th of October!

Visit www.Beadazzled.com to learn more about this and other events.

Notaviva Vineyards - Bluegrass Jam - FREE event

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April 4, 2015

Notaviva Vineyards
13274 Sagle Rd
Purcellville, 20132
540-668-6756

Notaviva Vineyards presents their monthly Bluegrass Jam a FREE event held the first Saturday of every month!

An event for all ages featuring Ashby Run. Open to players of every skill level

3pm-6pm Saturday 7/5

Wine available by the glass and by the bottle, lite snacks available. Must be 21 to drink alcohol.

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Recent Comments

View From the Ridge

Correct Course and Review the Comprehensive Plan

6 Jan 2015

blueridge2

Like a ship lost at sea, many residents of Purcellville see the development patterns in and around town as having drifted dangerously off course. The Autumn Hill/Mayfair development – which resulted in the annexation of previously open land, is one example of this drift. The Vineyard Square development project, which, …

(1 comment)

Editorial

Liberty in the 21st Century

6 Jan 2015

malcolm_baldwin

By Malcolm F. Baldwin Our elected leaders frequently express thanks for the “blessings of liberty,” reminding us of the importance of adhering to our founding fathers’ “original intent” as expressed in the Constitution. But what, exactly, is “liberty,” and what guidance would the founders offer us in facing today’s complex issues? Within only a few years of independence from Britain …

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December Cartoon

10 Dec 2014

Blog this! Bookmark on Delicious Digg this post Recommend on Facebook Share on Linkedin Share with Stumblers Tweet about it Subscribe to the comments on this post Print for later Bookmark in Browser Tell a friend

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Lifestyle

Commissioner of the Revenue to Hold Real Estate Tax Relief Seminars in March

24 Feb 2015

money

Loudoun’s Commissioner of the Revenue, Robert S. Wertz Jr, has scheduled free information sessions during March to familiarize residents with the eligibility criteria for the county’s generous real estate tax relief program. Loudoun County homeowners age 65 or older or with disabilities that are below established income and wealth limits may benefit from a reduction in the amount of property …

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The Kennedys Back on Stage at the Old Stone School

20 Feb 2015

The Kennedys at the Old Stone School

On Friday, March 6, The Kennedys will perform on stage at the Old Stone School in the historic Town of Hillsboro, Virginia. Doors open at 7:00 p.m. for dinner and drinks, and their concert will start at 8:00 p.m. Tickets for the concert are $25 (dinner and drinks sold separately). This will be the second time they’ve performed at the …

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Loudoun County Celebrates Black History Month; Clerk of the Circuit Court, Libraries Host Special Programs

20 Feb 2015

blueridge2

Loudoun County is celebrating Black History Month with an official resolution proclaiming February as Black History Month adopted by the Board of Supervisors and special programs hosted by the Clerk of the Circuit Court and the Loudoun County Public Library. The events include: Saturday February 21, 2015, 2:00 p.m. – Historic Court Records and African American Research: This will be …

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Wild Loudoun

Northern Cardinal – Celebrating the Language of Love

3 Feb 2015

cardinal

Most wildlife biologists classify the northern cardinal as a bird that mates for life. And, why wouldn’t they? The unmistakably brilliant lipstick red of the male cardinal cannot be described as anything other than inspiring the language of love. Catching that bolt of red as it streaks across a field of freshly fallen snow is like watching a modern oil …

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Around Virginia

NAACP Endorses Legislation Enabling Education Savings Accounts for Special Needs Students in Virginia

Dave_larock

Rodney Thomas, legislative representative of the NAACP Virginia State Conference announced support for House Bill 2238, a bill to make Parental Choice Education Savings Accounts available for special needs children in Virginia. In the organization’s official statement, Thomas applauded the bill’s capacity to help meet the educational needs of at-risk …

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VDOE Announces 21st Century Community Learning Center Grant Competition

blueridge2

The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) is seeking school divisions, nonprofits, local government agencies, faith-based organizations, colleges, universities and for-profit corporations to apply for 21st Century Community Learning Center grants. The competitive grant program, authorized by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, supports community-based programs that provide tutoring, …

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Reporting from Richmond

Dave_larock

By Delegate Dave LaRock Mark Twain once said that “No man’s life, liberty or property are safe while the Legislature is in session.” Folks, the legislature is in session. I’m doing my best to keep you updated as important issues develop that will impact the future of our Commonwealth, and …

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Sports

Little League Season Update

8 Aug 2014

ulll

By Carri Michon This spring 2014 Upper Loudoun Little League season found drenching rains making fields unplayable on a regular basis. Over 100 games were rescheduled due to wet, soggy fields, said league president, Norris Beavers. “The most I have ever remembered in my 28 years of volunteering with Upper …

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Ida Lee NFL Flag Football League Registration Ends July 28

20 Jul 2014

NFL_Flag_Football_at_IdaLee

Registration for the Fall 2014 NFL Flag Football league is currently ongoing for boys and girls, ages six to 14, and spots are filling fast. To secure a spot in the league, participants must register by Monday, July 28, 2014. The Ida Lee NFL Flag Football League is the premier …

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Letters

A Loudoun Civics Lesson: It Pays To Have Money

6 Jan 2015

blueridge2

Having spent an evening at the Loudoun Planning Commission monthly meeting December 16 to listen and participate in the exception application for the helipad on …

(10 comments)

Zoning War Confusion

6 Jan 2015

BenPackard

It is often amazing to read articles covering meetings that seem far different than those I attend. A good example was your recent article “Zoning …

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Advice To Developers

6 Jan 2015

blueridge2

We know you want to make money and lots of it. But across America citizens are fighting back. Please don’t destroy our quaint little town. …

(1 comment)

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