Home » Columns »Sustainable Planet » Currently Reading:

A Page from the Story of Earth

May 22, 2012 by Tony Noerpel filed under Columns, Sustainable Planet No Comments
noerpel150

“The rates of such changes, not the changes themselves, should be our biggest concern. For climate, sea level, and ecosystems can reach tipping points. Pushed too far, positive feedback loops can kick in. What normally takes a thousand years could transpire in a decade or two.” Robert Hazen [1]

In my recent articles, I have been discussing the ongoing rate of the anthropogenic or human-caused changes in Earth’s climate. We are warming the planet at a rate of 2.76 degrees Celsius per century (NASA GISS and NOAA results but also confirmed by the denier study BEST [2]) which is unprecedented in the last 300 million years of Earth history. The only plausible explanation is the greenhouse gases we are emitting into the atmosphere also at a rate unrivaled in the last 300 million years. In fact scientists once believed that the extinction event 55 million years ago called the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) would be a good analogue for what we are doing today as it was believed to be the most rapid climate disruption in Earth’s history [3]. In a paper published in 2011, however, a team of geologists from Penn State led by Lee Kump and his graduate student and lead author Ying Cui discovered that even this devastating event was triggered by greenhouse gas emissions less than a tenth the rate of what is happening today [4]. Their paper compares model results with actual measurements for two possible causes for the sudden increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide. Their results indicate that the peak rate of carbon addition to the atmosphere during the onset period of PETM was between 0.3 Pg C/yr and 1.7 Pg C/yr. By comparison the current rate of human emissions is 10 Pg C/yr [5]. The changes that took more than a thousand years to occur during the PETM have occurred within the last century. The PETM cannot therefore help us make predictions about the future other than that what we are doing may be ten times worse.

As we’ve seen in the last couple of articles, the natural change in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere during the Earth’s recovery from the last glacial maximum was never faster than about 0.023 ppmV/year while the current annual change due to humans is about 2.4 ppmV/year or hundred times faster [6]. There is nothing going on in nature today that can account for the rapid accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere or the rapid increase in global temperature other than human emissions. But more significantly, scientists have discovered that no natural mechanism has ever progressed that quickly, other than perhaps a 6 mile in diameter meteorite striking Chicxulub at about 22,000 miles per hour 65 million years ago terminating the Reign of T Rex.

Before we revisit the transition between the LGM and the Holocene as I was describing in my last article we should review one other bit of earth science. I should have introduced Figure 1 when discussing the polar amplification [7] as I did use it in a talk I gave a few weeks later. It shows that the spot in the Arctic above Alaska has already warmed about 6 degrees Celsius whereas the rest of the Earth has only warmed a degree or so and in fact some areas of the Earth’s surface haven’t warmed at all. Global temperature is of course the temperature integrated and averaged over the entire globe including both the cool parts and the warm parts. If we only had one thermometer and we placed it in the Arctic we would think the entire earth warmed by 6 degrees Celsius already which it hasn’t done of course.

Figure 1 Composite temperature anomaly from NCEP/NCAR

Carbon dioxide is a well-mixed gas in the earth’s atmosphere. The ratio of carbon dioxide to nitrogen and oxygen is the same at the poles and at the equator and on the surface and at very high altitudes. It is currently 394 parts per million by volume. If you measure it in one place, then you know the concentration everyplace else. This is not true for water vapor, by the way, as there is very little water vapor in the atmosphere over deserts which are too dry and over the poles which are too cold but lots of water vapor over tropical rain forests. Also as water vapor rises in the atmosphere, which it does at the equator, it condenses out in the cold upper troposphere forming clouds, subsequently precipitating out as rain. Water vapor is not a well mixed gas. It depends intimately on the local temperature whereas carbon dioxide does not. This is why carbon dioxide is the principle greenhouse gas or the Earth’s thermostat [8] while water vapor is simply an amplifying feedback.

What this means is that the ice core temperature data from Antarctica can only reflect the temperature at Antarctica at any specific time. But the carbon dioxide concentration measured in the ice cores can be used to reliably reflect the global concentration at that same time. Does this mean that the temperature measured by appropriate proxies in the ice core does not tell us anything about the global temperature? No not at all. When the global temperature rises, it rises nearly everywhere but just not at the same rate or by the same amount sometimes lagging by many centuries.

Returning to where we left off in my last article, what happened to cause the Earth to progress from a glacial maximum 18,000 years ago to the interglacial climate we enjoy today, by about 10,000 years ago? As I mentioned several recent papers published this year shed light. Figure 2 is from a paper written by a team of climatologists led by Jeremy Shakun of Harvard University published in the journal Nature [9]. The red curve is Antarctic proxy temperature from the core at Dome C. The yellow dots are the rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide. The blue curve is a composite estimate of the global temperature rise from 80 ocean sediment cores taken from various parts of the globe. As expected the Antarctic warmed first as a result of earth’s orbital obliquity. Sea ice around Antarctica melted releasing a stored charge of carbon dioxide from decaying biotic matter stored up over tens of millennia which could not escape the ocean into the atmosphere because of the sea ice that had persisted up to and during the LGM [10]. Andrea Burke of MIT and Laura Robinson of University of Bristol have recently shown that when this sea ice melted back, the stored carbon dioxide was gradually released into the atmosphere. This pulse of carbon rapidly spread over the earth and contributed to warming the rest of the planet. Atmospheric carbon levels followed the Antarctic temperature increase but led the global temperature increase.

Note that the Earth warmed an estimated 3.5 degrees Celsius over about 8000 years. By comparison we are causing the Earth to warm at a rate of 2.76 degrees per century but that rate is expected to increase as we continue to emit carbon dioxide and other green house gases into the atmosphere. While the magnitude of the anthropogenic warming this coming century will be dramatic enough the rate will be something never before experienced on Earth within the last few hundred million years, 100 times more than the recovery from the last ice age and 10 times more than the PETM. When a global warming denier tells us not to worry it will be good for us, would be a good time to apply some skepticism and ask “you know this how?”

How fast can sea level rise? Pierre Deschamps from Marseille University, France and colleagues have determined that during what is called the “melt water pulse 1A” between 14,650 and 14,310 years ago, at the boundary between the Oldest Dryas and the Bølling–Allerød periods shown in Figure 2, sea levels rose greater than 4 meters per century with a peak rate that may have been as much as 10 meters per century [11]. Current estimates call for just 2 meters this century so it is not out of the question that we may be in for a rude surprise.

Figure 1: The global proxy temperature stack (blue) as deviations from the early Holocene (11.5–6.5 kyr ago) mean, an Antarctic ice-core composite temperature record (red), and atmospheric CO2 concentration (yellow dots). The Holocene, Younger Dryas (YD), Bølling–Allerød (B–A), Oldest Dryas (OD) and Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) intervals are indicated. Error bars, 1-sigma; p.p.m.v. = parts per million by volume. Shakun et al. Figure 2a. [9]

References

[1] Robert Hazen, The Story of Earth, Viking, 2012.

[2] Tony Noerpel, Blue Ridge Leader, http://brleader.com/?p=8276

[3] Lee Kump, The Last Great Global Warming, Scientific American, July 2011.

[4] Ying Cui, Lee R. Kump, Andy J. Ridgwell, Adam J. Charles, Christopher K. Junium, Aaron F. Diefendorf, Katherine H. Freeman, Nathan M. Urban and Ian C. Harding, Slow release of fossil carbon during the Palaeocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, Nature Geoscience, 5 June 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1179. See also, Panchuk, K., Ridgwell, A. & Kump, L. R. Sedimentary response to PaleoceneEocene Thermal Maximum carbon release: A model-data comparison. Geology 36, 315318 (2008).

[5] PgC/year means Petagram of Carbon per year. 1000 grams = 1 kilogram, 1000 kilograms = 1 metric ton so a Petagram is a billion metric tons or a Gigaton. Also this is a measure of the carbon content of the carbon dioxide molecule which contains two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom.

[6] Tony Noerpel, The Last Deglacial Transition, Blue Ridge Leader, See also Michael Kaplan, et al., Glacier retreat in New Zealand during the Younger Dryas stadial, Vol 467| 9 September 2010| doi:10.1038/nature09313. ppmV is parts per million by Volume.

[7] Tony Noerpel, Arctic Amplification, http://brleader.com/?p=8136

[8] Robert Berner, The Phanerozoic Carbon Cycle, 2004.

[9] J.D. Shakun, P.U. Clark, F. He, S.A. Marcott, A.C. Mix, Z. Liu, B. Otto-Bliesner, A. Schmittner, and E. Bard, “Global warming preceded by increasing carbon dioxide concentrations during the last deglaciation”, Nature, vol. 484, 2012, pp. 49-54. DOI.

[10] Andrea Burke and Laura Robinson, The Southern Ocean’s Role in Carbon Exchange During the Last Deglaciation, Science, vol 335, 3 February 2012.

[11] Deschamps, P. et al., Ice-sheet collapse and sea-level rise at the Bølling warming 14,600 years ago Nature 483, 559–564 (2012).

Comment on this article


By commenting, you agree to abide by our Terms of Service.

Current Print Issue:

Sign up for our email newsletter:

Find us on Facebook:

Sustainable Planet

Not Your Father’s El Nino

15 Aug 2015

noerpel150

NASA and other agencies now forecast the incipient El Nino conditions to continue at least into the winter and the early part of 2016. Figure 1 compares Pacific sea surface temperature anomaly for the El Nino of 1997- 1998 with …

(Be the first to comment)

Ask Dr. Mike

Childhood and Adolescent Depression: Tips for Parents and Caregivers

2 Sep 2015

Michael_Pic

By Michael Oberschneider, Psy.D. According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), depression affects one in every 10 Americans.  And while the CDC’s data on depression currently shows that folks residing in the Commonwealth of Virginia fall slightly …

(Be the first to comment)

Just Like Nothing (Else) on Earth

Just Like Nothing (Else) on Earth: Suzanne Kane Nature Preserve

2 Sep 2015

suzanne kayne nature

This innocuous little area lay smoldering in my semi-consciousness for several years – and after thousands of passings-by – I finally woke up one morning and just had to find out what was to be found out there. See – …

(Be the first to comment)

Just Like Nothing (Else) on Earth: Morven Park

7 Aug 2015

morvenpark

I think what strikes me most about this place – as over the top as it is in many ways – is how understated it really is; I know that’ll take some explaining. I’ve been to Morven Park hundreds of …

(Be the first to comment)

Sushi's Corner

March Sushi

4 Mar 2015

pot of gold

Hello everyone, this is Hokie Cat from Fields of Athenry Farm. Sushi is in big trouble as we speak and is residing in doggy dungeon. I am here to fill you in on what took place. My brother Mountie loves …

(Be the first to comment)

Virginia Gardening

Planting an Allergy-Free Garden

5 May 2015

donnawilliamson

By Donna Williamson Tom Ogren has a long-time interest in allergy-inducing plants. He has written several books on the topic and in February released his latest The Allergy Fighting Garden. He explains why plants can stir up allergies and has …

(Be the first to comment)

Samuel Moore-Sobel

A Man of Character

3 Sep 2015

moore-sobelnewmug

By Samuel Moore-Sobel “I thought it would be appropriate to reiterate my thoughts on power and quote something from Frederick Douglass that I believe is quite true,” Manfred Kory wrote to me after reading Lonnae O’Neill’s June 29 column in …

(Be the first to comment)

Amy V. Smith's Money Talks

When To Take Social Security: Timing Is Everything

3 Sep 2015

Smith0035

As you approach retirement, there are several decisions that can impact the level of income you will receive when you stop working. One such decision will be about claiming your Social Security retirement benefit. More than half of eligible Americans …

(Be the first to comment)

Student News

8th Grade Writers Honored At Blue Ridge Middle School

2 Jul 2015

blueridgemiddleschool

Sixty-seven Blue Ridge Middle School eighth graders have been honored for their writing during the 2014-2015 school year. Many students had their writing selected for publication by Creative Communication, a program for student writers, while others won county-wide writing contests. …

(Be the first to comment)

Ben Kellogg Achieves Eagle Scout

1 Jul 2015

benkellog

Benjamin Robert Kellogg achieved the rank of Eagle Scout at a Court of Honor conducted at St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church in Purcellville on March 29. Friends, family and troop leaders attended the celebration, including his parents, Robert and Deirdre Kellogg. …

(Be the first to comment)

Blue Ridge Middle Places 11th In National Science League

1 Jul 2015

blueridgemiddleschool

Blue Ridge National Science Day Declared Tuesday, June 10 has been officially been declared Blue Ridge National Science Day. At a recent Purcellville Town Council Meeting, Mayor Kwasi Fraser and members of the town council signed a proclamation designating this …

(Be the first to comment)

Tags

21st Street... 2012 Election... 2015 Election... Aldie... Aldie Elementary School... Amy V. Smith... Andrea Gaines... Andrew McKnight... Appalachian Trail... Armed robbery... Ashburn... Ask Dr. Mike... Attorney General Cuccinelli... Autumn Hill... Babe Ruth World Series... Ball Property... BAR... Barbara Comstock... Barns of Rose Hill... Behind the Scenes... Benjamin Packard... Berklee College... Bethany Anne Decker... Bill Druhan... Bluemont... Bluemont Concert Series... Bluemont Fair... Blue Ridge Middle School... Bob Lazaro... BRMS... Business... Butterfly Gourmet... Campaigns... Carl Fischer... Caroline Greer... Carver Center... Catoctin Creek... Catoctin Creek Apartments... Catoctin Creek Distilling Co.... Chairman Scott York... Charlie Clark... Christian Sierra... Christkindlmarkt... Column... Columns... Committees at a Glance... Crooked Run... Dave LaRock... Dave Williams... David La Rock... Dear Editor... Delegate Joe T. May... Development... Dine With Us... Donna Williamson... Doug McCollum... Down Syndrome Association... Dulles Greenway... Dulles Rail... Dulles Toll Road... Ebola... Editorial... Environment... Equestrian... Events... Faith... Farm and garden... Fields of Athenry... Fourth of July... Franklin Park... Franklin Park Arts... Frank Wolf... Furnace Mountain Band... Gabriella Miller... George Allen... GLBR... Gold Award... Gold Cup... Good Shepherd Alliance... Gov. McDonnell... Governor McAuliffe... GSA... Halloween... Halloween block party... Hamilton... Hamilton Day... Hamilton Elementary School... Hampden-Sydney College... Hannah Hager... Hannah James... Harris Teeter... Hill High Store... Hillsboro... Hillsboro Elementary School... Hillsboro Farmers Market... Hirst Road... HUBZone... Humane Society... Hunt Country Gourmet... Hurricane Sandy... Ida Lee... Inova... James Madison University... Janet Clarke... Jim Burton... JMU... Joe May... John Chapman... John Flannery... Joshua's Hands... Jr.... Karen Jimmerson... Keith Melton... Kelli Grim... Kitchen Science Kids... Kwasi Fraser... Ladies Board of Inova Loudoun Hospital... Ladies Board Rummage Sale... Lansdowne... Latanger N. Gray... LCHS... LCPL... LCSO... Leadership Loudoun... Leah Enright... Leesburg... Lincoln... Lincoln Elementary School... LINK... Loudoun BOS... Loudoun Country Day School... Loudoun County... Loudoun County Animal Services... Loudoun County BOS... Loudoun County Fair... Loudoun County Fairgrounds... Loudoun County Fire and Rescue... Loudoun County Government Reform Commission... Loudoun County Master Gardeners... Loudoun County Sheriff... Loudoun County Treasurer... Loudoun Interfaith Relief... Loudoun Lyric Opera... Loudoun Master Gardeners... Loudoun Wildlife Conservancy... Loudoun Youth Volleyball... Lovettsville... Lucketts... LVHS... Lyme Disease... Malcolm Baldwin... Mark Dewey... Mark Gunderman... Mark Nelis... Mark Warner... Mary Baldwin College... Mary Daniel... Mary M. Bathory Vidaver... Mary Rose Lunde... Mayor Kwasi Fraser... Mayor of Purcellville... Meredith McMath... Metro... Middleburg... Middleburg Academy... Middleburg Film Festival... Mitt Romney... monarch butterflies... Morven Park... Mosby Heritage Area Association... Music... MWAA... Nichol's Hardware... NoVa West Lacrosse... Oatlands... Odyssey of the Mind... Old Dominion Valley... Open Burning Ban... Opinion... Patrick Henry College... Police Blotter... Polka Dots... Potomac Falls High School... President Obama... Public Safety... PUGAMP... Purcellville... Purcellville Board of Architectural Review... Purcellville Business Association... Purcellville Crossroads... Purcellville First Friday... Purcellville Library... Purcellville Planning Commission... Purcellville Police... Purcellville Police Blotter... Purcellville Town Council... Question 1... Randolph_Macon Academy... Real estate... Rep. Frank Wolf... Richard Jimmerson... Rob Jones... Round Hill... Round Hill Arts Center... Sadie's Race... Salamander Resort... Sam Brown... Samuel Moore-Sobel... Sarah Nearis... Scenic Virginia... Schools... SCR... Senator Richard H. Black... Shenandoah University... Sheriff Chapman... Silver Line... Southern Collector Road... South Riding... Sports... St. Francis de Sales Catholic Church... St. James United Church of Christ... Sterling... Sterling Costco shooting... Stoneleigh Golf Club... Stop Hunger Now... Supervisor Delgaudio... Supervisor Eugene Delgaudio... sushi... Sushi's Corner... Sustainable Corner... Sustainable Loudoun... Tally Ho... The Little Mermaid... Thomas Balch Library... Tilley-Kline Entertainment complex... Tim Jon... Tim Kaine... Tony Noerpel... Town Council... Toys for tots... Transportation... Tree of Life... Two Kitchen Cousins... ULLL... University of Mary Washington... Upperville... Veterans... View... View from the Ridge... Village at Leesburg... Vineyards... Vineyard Square... Virginia Gardening... Virginia Gold Cup... Waterford... Waterford Fair... Watermelon Park... Wild Loudoun... Woodgrove... Woodgrove High School... Wounded Warrior... Your Money... Zoning

Events

September 2015
M T W T F S S
31 1

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

2 3

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

4 5

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Notaviva Vineyards Monthly Bluegrass Jam is BACK w/Short Hill Mountain Boys

Notaviva Vineyards - Bluegrass Jam - FREE event

6
7

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

8 9

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

10 11

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

12 13

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

COFFEEHOUSE: J.RILEY STEWART

COFFEEHOUSE: LOVE, LOSS & WHAT I WORE

14 15

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

16

KAYDEE PUPPETS: SHEEP DOG DETECTIVES

17

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

18

LAST HAM STANDING COMEDY IMPROV

19

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

20
21

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

22 23

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

24 25

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

September Fourth Friday at Breaux

26 27

Rally for the Cure

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

28 29

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

30 1

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

2 3

Afghan Treasures Trunk Show

Notaviva Vineyards - Bluegrass Jam - FREE event

BUSH BROTHERS LIVE!

4

Recent Comments

View From the Ridge

An Open Letter to the Citizens of Purcellville

5 May 2015

blueridge2

Mark Your Calendar, They’ve Asked for Our Input So Let’s Give It To Them By Steady and Nobull The Purcellville Planning Commission has tentatively scheduled a series of public input sessions June 4, 11 and 18 at 7:00 p.m. at town hall for the proposed sweeping zoning changes. These major …

(Be the first to comment)

Editorial

Getting Purcellville Out of the Conflicts of Interest Trap

7 Aug 2015

town of purcellville sign

Three Virginia laws address openness in government: the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (VFOIA), The Virginia Public Records Act (VPRA) and The Virginia State & Local Government Conflict of Interests Act (VCOIA). VFOIA guides how public bodies conduct their meetings and regulates access to government records. VPRA establishes basic rules about what constitutes a public record and what the government’s …

(Be the first to comment)

Lifestyle

Rally for the Cure Golf Tournament

3 Sep 2015

stoneleigh

Stoneleigh Women’s Golf Association’s is having their annual Rally for the Cure ™ golf tournament in Support of Breast Cancer Awareness Month. This is a great opportunity to play at the golf course recently cited as being the prettiest golf course in Northern Virginia by Golf Magazine and recently awarded a 3.5 star rating by Golf Digest. The format is …

(Be the first to comment)

Irish Sessions at Corcoran Brewing

3 Sep 2015

noerpel150

Gina Faber and Tony Noerpel have started an “Irish Session” at Corcoran Brewing Company in Purcellville once a month on the second Sunday. The next session will be from noon to 3:00 p.m. on September 13. It is an open session, and anyone can bring an instrument and play along. Tony and his wife, Nancy, visited Ireland last year and were impressed by …

(Be the first to comment)

September Calendar

3 Sep 2015

blueridge2

Ongoing events Saturdays, September 12 to October 17, Interpreting Scripture Through Visual Arts, from 10:00 a.m. to noon. Jonathan Holland, artist and youth pastor, will take you on a journey to create powerful and moving art rooted within the Bible. Cost is $105. Go to opusoaks.org. On Saturday, September 12 at noon, Sunday, September 13 at 1:00 p.m., September 26 at noon and September 27 …

(Be the first to comment)

Wild Loudoun

Dragonflies – To See Is To Believe

7 Aug 2015

wildloudoundragonflies

Shadow Darner. Unicorn Clubtail. Black Shouldered Spinyleg. Blue Dasher. Ebony Jewelwing. Calico Pennant. Sanddragon. Their names conger up some magical place inhabited by devils and demons, elegant queens, daring lovers – creatures you would need to see with your own eyes to believe really existed. But, each of these, including the Calico Pennant, is actually one of the most common …

(Be the first to comment)

Around Virginia

Good Government Reinforces the Family

davelarock

By Delegate Dave LaRock Working as the elected Delegate for the 33rd House District has renewed my understanding of the value of a strong family. After decades of raising my family of mom, dad, and seven children and building my family’s business, which provided countless opportunities for mom, dad and …

(Be the first to comment)

Governor McAuliffe Launches Governor’s Council on Youth Entrepreneurship

McAuliffe

Governor Terry McAuliffe today signed Executive Order 47 establishing the Governor’s Council on Youth Entrepreneurship, which shall be responsible for coordinating and implementing youth entrepreneurship initiatives and fostering the growth of the entrepreneurial ecosystem for young people in Virginia. “The foundation of the new Virginia economy rests on the strength …

(Be the first to comment)

Congress and MWAA VS Loudoun Taxpayers

davelarock

By Delegate Dave LaRock It’s no secret that population growth and business development have left Loudoun County, especially busy areas to the east, with some pretty challenging traffic. The process of expanding the local network of roads and transit always seems to be playing catch-up, usually tied to availability of …

(2 comments)

Sports

Las Vegas Tournament Good for Loudoun Teams

2 Sep 2015

basketball

D1 Sports & Athletics 15U Spartan Elite Boys basketball team won the Gold Elite Championship out of 158 teams from across the country at the Bigfoot Hoops Las Vegas Classic on July 26. D1SA Spartan Elite defeated Drive Bounce Elite from British Columbia, Canada, in the championship game with the …

(Be the first to comment)

Drew Hunter Heading To Pan American Games

7 Aug 2015

drewhunter

Loudoun Valley’s Drew Hunter placed second in the United States Track and Field 1500-meter run Junior National Championship. That earned him a spot on the United States Junior Team going to the Pan American Games in Edmonton, Canada in late July. Drew lost to college freshman Blake Haney of the …

(Be the first to comment)

This Month in History

July, 1776: Loudoun’s Revolution Within A Revolution

1 Jul 2015

thismonthhistory

– By Andrea Gaines Loudoun County was heavily invested in the fight for independence from Great Britain. Loudouner Francis Lightfoot Lee was one of 56 delegates to sign the Declaration of Independence. More Loudouners served in General George Washington’s army than any other county in Virginia, and the county’s enormous …

(Be the first to comment)

Mary Rose Lunde

Perfection and Expectation in High School

3 Sep 2015

Lunde new

By Mary Rose Lunde If you think about high school, what do you think about? Do you think about the sports and how important they are to some students whose only dream of getting into college is a scholarship? Do you think about the high school student struggling for an …

(Be the first to comment)

Sarah's Closet

Go Pink … As Pink As You Like

1 Jul 2015

sarahcloset3

– By Sarah Nearis Look at these sweet and summery pink blouses and tops. Don’t you want to try one on? Some women are afraid to wear pink, thinking it’s a bit too feminine. But, pink comes in such a wide variety of shades – from soft mauves to fuchsias …

(Be the first to comment)

Letters

Thank You Purcellville

7 Aug 2015

town of purcellville sign

I want to express my sincere appreciation for the outpouring of support by the local business owners and residents in relationship to my challenge to …

(Be the first to comment)

Independence Won – Much Left To Be Done

1 Jul 2015

speak

With graduations behind us and summer vacations ahead, we have much to look forward to. My summer will be full of events and opportunities to …

(Be the first to comment)

Reflections for Father’s Day, a Child’s Constitutional Rights

15 Jun 2015

Bob Ohneiser

I’ve been a licensed attorney and a father since the late 80’s. Yet, I wonder about how many of our country’s legal theories – theories …

(Be the first to comment)

Archives

  • +2015
  • +2014
  • +2013
  • +2012
  • +2011
  • +2010
  • +2009